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Schottky Diode Application Selection Guide
SMT Clamping, Clipping and Analog Switching Diodes

choices vs.voltage and current

HSMS-2800 HSMS-2820 HBAT-5400 HSMS-2700 noref


fast response time
appropriate threshold (clipping level)
low series resistance for high current handling
low capacitance

Key Parameters:

Speed :
10s of psec ( vs. 10's of nsec for Au doped PN) for all Agilent Technologies Schottky diodes

If max (maximum forward current) :
750 mA for HSMS-270x
250 mA for HBAT-540x
160 mA for HSMS-282x
70 mA for HSMS-280x
[values assume use of thermally superior SOT-323 package]

Rs (series resistance) :
0.65 ohms for HSMS-270x
2.4 ohms for HBAT-540x
7 ohms for HSMS-282x
30 ohms for HSMS-280x

Barrier height :
0.34 - 0.41 V for standard Schottky diodes
0.19 V for zero bias Schottky diodes
0.7 V for GaAs Schottky diodes

Breakdown voltage :
15 V for HSMS-270x
16 V for HSMS-282x
30 V for HBAT-540x
70 V for HSMS-280x

Typical Capacitance :
1.0 pF for HSMS-282x
2.0 pF for HSMS-280x
3.0 pF for HBAT-540x
6.7 pF for HSMS-270x



Computers (spike elimination, reduction of "ringing", elimination of reflections of high speed data signals, digital circuit switch)
Analog and digital designs requiring circuit protection or waveform cleanup with high switching speed.


Clamping Diode Terms


how fast the diode can respond to a signal (alternately, how fast a signal can be clipped or clamped).

faster is better.

Forward Current of a Schottky Diode (If)

The maximum forward current of a Schottky diode is measure of how much current the diode can sink. The forward current If is inversely proportional to Rs, Vf, and jc, and can be calculated from:
If = [Tj - Ta]/[jc Rs]
If = [Tj - Ta]/[jc Vf]

Plots of If vs. Vf, and of Tj and Pdiss vs. If can be calculated using the Mathcad worksheet SCHOTTKY.MCD

Since If is inversely proportional to jc, it is very importat that a thermally efficient package be used. All four clamping diode families are available both SOT-23 and SOT-323 (SC-70) packages. The following table shows why the SOT-323 package is preferred for clamping applications.

package lead material thermal resistance
SOT-23 iron alloy 460 C/W
SOT-323 copper 100 C/W
higher is better.

Series Resistance of a Schottky Diode (Rs)

Schottky diode resistance may be expressed as a series resistance Rs or as a dynamic resistance RD. These two terms are related by the equation RD = Rs + Rj, where Rj is the resistance of the junction. Junction resistance of a diode with DC bias is quite accurately calculated by Rj = 26/Ib where Ib is the bias current in milliamperes. Either resistance is a measure of the "loss" in the diode.

lower is better.

Barrier height

The term "Barrier height" is related to the voltage required for a given current in a Schottky barrier diode. Low voltage corresponds to low barrier height. Barrier height also sets Vf, the voltage at which the diode starts to clip.

depends on the application - the Vf must match the desired clipping voltage.

Breakdown voltage (Vbr)

the voltage a Schottky barrier diode can tolerate before being damaged.

In clamping applications, breakdown voltage only matters if an anti-parallel pair isn't used (most people use a pair), then a higher breakdown voltage is (usually) better, at the cost of increased Rs (current carrying capacity).
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this page last updated: 1 October 1999